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Forensic Science Laboratory

This Division deals with scientific analysis and other procedures for purposes of administration of justice and general investigation. Officers in this unit also attend scenes of crime for technical support and collection of samples as well as presentation of expert evidence in courts of law.

It is divided into specialty sections;

FORENSIC TOXICOLOGY

  1. Analysis for chemically toxic substances in postmortem specimens like blood, the stomach and its contents, liver and kidney in homicide and other related cases in humans,
  2. Analysis for chemically toxic substances in biological specimens like blood, the stomach and its contents, liver and kidney in veterinary cases,
  3. Analysis for chemically toxic substances in exhibits submitted alongside biological specimens

FORENSIC BIOLOGY

Biological samples and specimens are analysed by comparison of crime scene evidential material in relation to reference samples

This section deals with DNA analysis and other serological procedures for purposes of administration of justice in cases involving:

  • Murder investigations
  • Sexual offences (rape, defilement and bestiality)
  • Robbery/theft
  • Child stealing and trafficking
  • Identification of species of origin in wildlife crimes
  • Identification of missing/unidentified persons
  • Determination of parenthood
  • Development and administration of human DNA database

FORENSIC CRIMINALISTICS

These analysis involves substances derived from crime scenes for criminal investigations.

Analysis and identification of:

  • Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic substances
  • Explosives and explosive residues
  • Gun powder residues
  • Suspected contaminated alcoholic beverages
  • Counterfeit products like Money, beverages, fertilizers
  • Fire accelerants in arson cases
  • Paint and glass from scenes of crime and motor vehicle accidents
  • Poisonous chemical substances in foods and drinks
  • Unknown substances 

Other duties include:

  • Preparation of etching reagents for restoration of defaced engine/chassis numbers
  • Preparation of finger print reagents for lifting finger prints
  • preparation of APQ (Anthracene, Phenolphthalein and quinine) reagents for treating money in corruption cases
  • Attending scenes of crime for collection of samples